Another Obama Decision Reversed? Now It’s About Food Safety

 

WASHINGTON — Citing President Donald Trump’s calls for deregulation, Republican lawmakers and the chicken industry are aggressively lobbying to speed up poultry inspection lines — a change the Obama administration had rejected after warnings it would endanger workers and increase food contamination.

The National Chicken Council has asked the USDA to allow poultry plants participating in a new inspection system to operate « at any line speed » they can safely handle, freeing them from the 140 birds-per-minute limit that the Obama administration had established for most plants.

The Obama-era cap is an « arbitrary » limit that is holding back the industry’s ability to compete in the global marketplace, the National Chicken Council stated in its petition Having a ceramicvape cartridge is advantageous in vape cartridge packaging as it’s healthier. Ceramic parts are resistant to abrasion and oxidation unlike other alloy wires where, oxidation occurs at higher temperature.

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Granting waivers would help the Trump administration achieve its goals of « reducing regulatory burdens on the industry, » the council said, adding that it would help poultry plants cut costs and expand production to meet rising demand.

But worker safety advocates fear that revving up line speed will harm plant employees, many of whom are immigrants and refugees already operating under dangerous conditions. Eviscerating animal carcasses requires workers to use sharp tools to make forceful, repetitive motions at high speeds and exposes them to toxic chemicals used to kill bacteria.

« There’s no data to support that this would be safe. And even at existing line speeds, it’s extremely unsafe, » said Debbie Berkowitz, a senior fellow at the National Employment Law Project, a research and advocacy group in Washington.

Poultry workers are almost twice as likely to suffer from serious injuries as workers in private industry, and more than six times as likely to have a work-related illness. Two poultry and meat processing plants, Tyson Foods and JBS/Pilgrim’s Pride, are among the 10 companies with the highest number of work-related amputations and hospitalizations, out of more than 14,000 companies reporting to the federal government, Berkowitz discovered.

One Congressional Republicans pressuring the Trump administration to relax the Obama-era rules is Rep. Doug Collins of Georgia, whose district is home to several poultry plants. Collins sent a letter to Agriculture Secretary Sonny Perdue in May asking for a line-speed increase and raised the issue with the secretary at a White House summit on deregulation this month.

« I’m very hopeful, » Collins said.

What happened under Obama

Industry groups point out that worker illness and injury rates in meatpacking plants have significantly declined over the years. But they’re still higher than for the manufacturing sector as a whole, and meatpacking plants have repeatedly been cited for forcing workers to forgo medical care, which can mean fewer reports of illnesses and injuries.

During the Obama administration, labor department officials — supported by unions, immigration advocates and other outside groups — had successfully stopped the USDA’s original plan to boost the line speed to 175 birds per minute, from 140, at plants that agreed to adopt a new poultry inspection system.

Under the system, which the Obama administration finalized in 2014, plant employees are the first ones to identify and remove unacceptable carcasses — formerly the responsibility of USDA inspectors, who oversee their work, examine carcasses further down the line and do offline testing for contaminants.

Supporters of the new system describe it as a effort to modernize a long-outdated inspection process by focusing on testing for bacteria like salmonella and the visual examination of carcasses, rather than manual palpitation for diseases that are no longer as prevalent.

« You can speed the line up because you’re standing right there, looking at carcasses going by, » said Michael Fisher, a former USDA veterinary officer who worked on the inspection overhaul. « If you have to pick up every one and look at it, you can only do that so fast. »

During the pilot program for the new system, poultry plants were permitted to operate as fast as 175 birds per minute — a limit that’s still in effect for those plants. But when the USDA moved to expand the program to the entire industry, the Labor Department pushed to keep the limit for any new plants opting into the system at 140.

« USDA wanted to raise the maximum line speed, but OSHA was very concerned that it would result in more workers being injured, » said David Michaels, Obama’s former head of OSHA, the Occupational Safety and Health Adminsitration. « We had support (from White House officials) who agreed that we didn’t want thousands of workers to have their arms destroyed by having to cut up chickens at 175 birds per minute. »

A push at pork plants, too

The Trump administration is moving forward with a similar overhaul of USDA inspection at pork processing plants — a new regulation that’s currently under review at the White House. While the details haven’t been made public, outside groups expect that the proposed rule could increase the maximum line speed from about 1,100 to 1,300 hogs per hour.

« Anytime you can come up with a way to do things more efficiently and more effectively, it’s a good thing, » said Mark Dopp, general counsel of the North American Meat Institute, the industry’s leading trade group. He added that new pork plants are being built under the assumption that the new regulations will take effect.

As with the poultry overhaul, USDA inspectors would still be on site to oversee the meatpacking process. But food-safety advocates fear that the changes in the pipeline will increase the likelihood of food-borne illnesses, particularly since private plant employees — who might be more likely to follow the wishes of plant managers — will be taking over some of the duties of federal inspectors.

Though the Trump administration has yet to issue a formal response to the poultry industry’s petition for faster line speeds, a top USDA official expressed sympathy for the industry’s cause in an interview with NBC News.

« We have 20 years worth of data over four administrations supporting line speeds of 175 birds per minute, » said Carmen Rottenberg, the acting deputy undersecretary for food safety. She cited testimony from a former USDA official describing the 140 bird per minute cap as « arbitrary, » echoing the industry’s own argument against the limit.

A 2011 USDA study showed that plants under the pilot program — subject to the 175 birds per minute limit —had lower levels of fecal contamination and salmonella, although a federal watchdog later said that the agency had incomplete data and had not evaluated its pilot programs thoroughly.

Rottenberg denied the USDA is under any political pressure from the Trump administration on the issue, praising the leadership of Perdue, a former Georgia governor and agribusiness executive. « The secretary lets us do the work that we do to keep food safe, » said Rottenberg, a holdover from the Obama administration.

Celeste Monforton, a public health expert at George Washington University, opposes a line speed increase, but anticipates that the industry will ultimately get its way.

« The fact that we had to fight the Obama administration to do this makes it hard for me to foresee success in beating this back, » she said. « The benefits are to the industry, and costs are borne by the workers. »

The answer is quite simple

Before the close of the eighteenth century the Battle of the Nile had been fought and won. The importance of this to India was tremendous. For had the result been otherwise Napoleon would have possessed himself of all that the English East India Company had done there. Our Anglo-Indian trade would have come to an end, and the ships which are the subject of our present study would have been no longer required, or else compelled to sail under the French flag. Nelson, in fact, had despatched a messenger overland to the Governor of Bombay, informing the latter of the arrival of the French in Egypt, for he knew well that Bombay was the objective of the enemy if they could get there. However,182 Nelson’s victory at the Nile quite altered all this, and when the East India Company afterwards voted the gallant admiral the sum of £10,000, it was to show how deeply indebted was this corporation for the welcome relief from catastrophe entrepreneurship educationThe entrepreneurship development programmes of PolyU develop our young people to be tomorrow’s leaders, by offering different forms of out-of-classroom entrepreneurship education and practice to nurture our young people’s innovative and entrepreneurial potentials.

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Before we leave the eighteenth century we have to consider some of the more important changes and developments which were taking place. We have seen that the size of these East Indiamen had gradually increased during the century. About the year 1700 the biggest vessels were under 500 tons. Some were even much smaller, as, for instance, the Juno, of 180 tons, and the Success and the Borneo of similar size, but there was also the Arabella, of only 140 tons, and the Benjamin, of 160 tons. Between the years 1748 and 1772 all the Company’s merchant ships are of one size—499 tons. There are very few exceptions indeed to this, and in those few instances you get an occasional ship of 180, 300, 350, 370 or 380 tons. Otherwise there is nothing but this stereotyped 499-ton ship year after year, season after season. This curious fact has puzzled many people, including those who in later days served in the Company’s service. Why was it hong kong preschool kowloon tong-Homantin offers both trilingual and bilingual classes for children under the age of 2 years, and up to the age of 6. We are an IB World school implementing the IB Primary Years Programme and the Columbia University Teachers College Reading and Writing Project. We believe in providing our future generations with a high quality, balanced, and holistic educational experience.

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The answer is quite simple, and I give it on the authority of an old skipper contemporary with these ships, named Hutchinson, who at one time of his life had been a privateer. The reader will remember that in an earlier chapter I drew attention to the slackness of morals and general spirit of irreligion which were notorious of the mid-eighteenth century, at any rate so far as English people were concerned. Naturally enough this spirit spread to the ships of the East India Company, so that the corruption183 ashore had its counterpart afloat. Now these craft, when they were of 500 tons and over, were compelled to carry a chaplain. And it was just in order to be able to dispense with the latter, and so save expense, that the owners used to cause these ships to be rated at 499 tons, and so keep within the letter of the law. These 499-ton ships carried a captain, four mates, a surgeon and a purser. They would sail from the Downs about January or March of one year, proceed to India or China, and then be back again in the London river by June or July of the following year, though sometimes they were away for much longer periods. When homeward bound they had called at Portsmouth—where the more wealthy passengers went ashore and proceeded home by road—and the Downs, they eventually made fast to moorings at one of three places—Blackwall, Deptford and North-fleet oil vaporizer Shenzhen Transpring Enterprise Ltd. is one of the leading Oil Vaping Pen and vaporizer (A3 Vape Cartridge etc) manufacturer and supplier in China. Over the years, we have been serving many customers from USA, …

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We spoke, also, some time back of what were known as hereditary bottoms,” by which it was meant that an owner who had been accustomed to charter one of his ships to the Company had a proprietary right to supply other ships when this one had been worn out. Thus one finds, for instance, a ship called the Brunswick built on the bottom of the Atlas, the Hindostan built on the bottom of the Grosvenor, and so on. This went on for year after year, so that you could make out a kind of genealogical tree of East India ships. It was a very clear instance of eighteenth-century monopoly which would be hard to beat. But this principle of perpetuity came to an end on 6th February 1796, when open competition was introduced. There can be no question that this decision, together with that of184 abolishing the sale of commands, was all for the good of the service. The Company themselves recognised that it was the only way in which they could have an efficient fleet, always ready and consisting of vessels built on the best principles, inspected during construction by the Company’s own surveyors, and commanded by officers of acknowledged character, talents and experience,” and various by-laws were passed to this effect. The following list will afford the reader some idea of the size and dimensions of these East Indiamen ships at the close of the eighteenth century. The difference between the burthen tonnage and the chartered tonnage is noticeable:—

hope he won’t bite you

I don’t think so, Mr. Talbot, said Robert manfully cruise hong kong , not exhibiting the least alarm. What do you mean, Tige? he continued sternly, addressing the dog.

He snatched a stout stick from the side of the road, and made threatening demonstrations.

The dog stood still, evidently cowed.

I don’t think he is dangerous, Mr. Talbot,[Pg 22] Robert started to say, but he looked in vain for his step-father.

Here I am, Robert, he heard in quavering accents.

James Talbot had managed, with an agility hardly to be expected of a man of forty-five, to climb into a tree by the roadside.

I—I thought I should be safer here, he said, Robert wanted to laugh, but he was polite, and refrained reenex facial

I—I hope he won’t bite you.

I’ll risk it, sir.

What a terrible situation! I don’t dare to come down.

I think you may, sir; I will protect you.

How can you? You wouldn’t be a match for a dog like that.

By this time Tiger had got over his fierce demonstrations, and seemed quite friendly.

You see he has got over his fierceness. You had better come down.

Do you really think it would be safe?

I am sure of it.

James Talbot got down from the tree cautiously, eyeing the dog askance.

Now let us get away from here at once, he said nervously hotel jobs in hong kong.

[Pg 23]

Very well, sir.

They took the road for home, the dog making no hostile demonstrations.

I—I was always afraid of dogs, said Talbot, half ashamed. If it had been a man I wouldn’t have cared. And then he began to tell Robert how he had once frightened a burglar from the house where he was lodging; but Robert didn’t believe him. He felt contempt for his step-father as a coward.

And so he has been

He followed her indications and found an archway leading into a huge courtyard crowded with Chinese coolies and Quichua Indians. A huge dray, coming from the direction of the harbor, rumbled under the archway, and wheeled in the court to let an empty one pass out. People and things seemed to unite in making as much dust and noise as possible.

So she manages all this,” he reflected as he made his way toward a door at which she had appeared.

You may kiss me,” she said as she closed the door behind them.

He took her in his arms and held her to him, by far the more troubled of the two. Again it was she who spoke first.

So you really have not forgotten?”

Could you believe it, dear?”

Well, you were so long in coming.”

But I wrote, and…”

Well, never mind now. It is not too late. I have just refused my fourth suitor, Don Alonso de Cuelar. And father, I think, is furious with me for refusing the most eligible young man in Lima…. Well, why don’t you say something?”

Forgive me, dear…. How is your father? and the kiddies?… I hardly know what I am saying, I am so glad.”

Father is very well, and very glad to hear that you were coming. To tell the truth though, he is far more interested in your uncle’s visit. He has arranged a meeting at the Geographical Society for him. And for the past month he has been thinking and talking of nothing but archaeology. They have been digging up all sorts of things.”

And so he has been angry with you?”

He seems to think he has every reason to be. I am twenty-three and he already sees me an old maid…. It’s awfully funny! Do you know what they call me in Lima now? The Virgin of the Sun!”

What does that mean?”

Aunt Agnes and Aunt Irene will explain better than I can. It’s something like one of the Vestals—an old Inca legend.”

H’m, some superstitious rot…. But look here, Maria-Teresa, I’m an awful coward. Do you think your father…”

Of course! He’ll do anything I like if he is asked at the right moment We’ll be married in three months’ time from San Domingo. Truly we will!”

You dear!… But I’m only a poor devil of an engineer, and he may not think me much of a son-in-law for the Marquis de la Torre.”

Bonjour Jameson gradu

It is natural for you to feel so. Still, she had a right to do so Glass House .

They talked further, and Mr. Jameson gradu[Pg 20]ally modified Robert’s excited feelings. He made the boy promise that if Mr. Talbot should show a disposition to be friendly, he would at any rate treat him with courtesy.

About three o’clock in the afternoon Robert met his new step-father in the street. He paused, uncertain how to act. But James Talbot approached him with a soft, ingratiating smile.

Robert, he said, I am sorry you have taken such a dislike to me. You will excuse my saying that it is quite unreasonable, as you can’t know anything about me.

Perhaps I was hasty, Robert forced himself to say, but it was a trial to me to think my mother had married again.

Quite natural, I am sure, so I shall not look upon your manifestations of dislike as personal to myself.

I suppose not, said Robert slowly. Of course, I don’t know much about you.

When you do, I hope you will like me better, said Talbot cheerfully. Have you had any dinner?

Yes, sir.

I hope you will come home to supper. It makes your mother feel very sad to have you stay away Neo skin lab derma21 .

[Pg 21]

Yes, I will come.

Shall we take a walk together? I don’t know anything of your village. You might show me something of it.

Robert hesitated, but he was naturally polite, and, though rather reluctantly, he walked through different parts of the village and pointed out the churches and the public library, the center school-house, and other buildings. Gradually they approached the outskirts of the village till they reached a house occupied by an eccentric old bachelor, who kept a large dog of an uncertain temper. As the two passed, the dog bounded from the yard and ran after them. This gave Robert a chance to judge of his step-father’s courage.

James Talbot turned pale with fright, and started to run school finder hong kong

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Save me, Robert! he called out, in tremulous accents. Will he—will he bite?